Did Unemployment Rate in UP Drop from 18% to 2.9% since 2017 as Yogi Claims?
The state’s unemployment rate never touched double digits in 2017 and instead of a drop, CMIE data show a 29% rise in the rate since Yogi became CM
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, in a speech addressing UP Investors Summit in Lucknow on June 3, 2022, claimed that since the BJP government came into power in the state in 2017 the unemployment rate had fallen from 18% to 2.9%. He attributed the drop to the implementation of the Industrial Investment and Employment Promotion Policy.
While claiming that the UP government provided jobs to lakhs of youngsters, Adityanath said, "Aaj Uttar Pradesh mein, jo unemployment rate hai vo 18% se ghatkar 2.9% reh gai hai." This translates to "Today in Uttar Pradesh the unemployment rate has reduced from 18% to 2.9% now."
The unemployment rate never crossed double digits in 2017, according to data published by the Centre for Monitoring the Indian Economy (CMIE), an independent think tank that publishes monthly and quarterly data bulletins on employment in India.
While the unemployment rate in the state did touch 18% under the Akhilesh Yadav government, it was in June 2016, nine months before the Yogi government came into power. The rate quickly recovered and reduced to 2.4% in March 2017 when Adityanath was sworn in as CM.
In fact, during the pandemic and when the country was under lockdown, the state's unemployment rate rose to its recent highest of 21.5% in April 2020.
About the unemployment rate now, Adityanath seems to be referring to the CMIE data from April 2022, which pegged the rate at 2.9%. It then subsequently rose to 3.1% in May.
So, the rate was 2.4% when Adityanath became CM and now in May 2022 it is 3.1%, which is in fact a rise of 29%. This proves Adityanath's claim as false.
The National Statistical Office (NSO) launched a Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) in April 2017. The latest quarterly PLFS was released for last year's last quarter (October-December 2021). In this report, which computes the rate for urban areas only, the unemployment rate for people aged 15 years and above was 9.4%.
According to the annual PLFS reports, the unemployment rate in the state has been dropping from 6.2% in 2017-18 to 5.7% in 2018-19 to 4.4% in 2019-20.
FactChecker tried contacting the UP CM's office for a comment via call and email, but had not got a response by the time this article was published. If and when we hear from him, it will be updated here.